Neuroscientists have found that music promotes brain development in early childhood, strengthening language and motor skills, as well as the capacity to regulate emotions and relate to others.
Music solidifies the brain-body connection. Before babies are verbal, they can demonstrate response to music through movement. The neural pathways that are fortified when an infant listens to music increase the child’s capacity for attention.
Live music, as a shared experience between child and caregiver, is a multisensory activity that promotes bonding and healthy attachment.
Research demonstrates that lullabies (soft, quiet, and soothing music) have a calming effect not only on the young child, but also on the caregiver singing them. Lullabies can help a child establish better sleep patterns.
Music can also help children dial down, preparing them for transitions such as temporary separation from their caregiver, naps, and perhaps most commonly, bedtime.
Louder music and use of instruments can help children dial up, giving them confidence to try a new activity, while simultaneously increasing their sense of arousal and joy.